Relative dating techniques anthropology
For example, if the cultural contents of the lower deposit are Mauryan in character, appropriately this deposit may be assigned a date between 400-200 B. Similarly, if the cultural equipment of the upper deposit are of the Sunga period, this deposit has to placed between 200-73 B. Quite often, the archaeologist decided the change of stratum on the basis of the feed of the deposit.
In such cases subjective element cannot be ruled out.
Outside evidence, such as dating of two or more stages in the development, may be needed to determine which is the first and which the last member of the series.
There are several types of seriation: SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: chronology CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The process by which an archaeologist determines dates for objects, deposits, buildings, etc., in an attempt to situate a given phenomenon in time.
Before this, archaeologists and scientists relied on deductive dating methods, such as comparing rock strata formations in different regions.
Chronometric dating has advanced since the 1970s, allowing far more accurate dating of specimens.
Using both relative and absolute dating methods, an archaeologist can often place a site within a larger chronological framework.
Once the variations in a particular object have been classified by typology, it can often be shown that they fall into a developmental series, sometimes in a single line, sometimes in branching lines more as in a family tree.
The order produced is theoretically chronological, but will need archaeological assessment.
Chronometric dating, also known as chronometry or absolute dating, is any archaeological dating method that gives a result in calendar years before the present time.
Archaeologists and scientists use absolute dating methods on samples ranging from prehistoric fossils to artifacts from relatively recent history.